White rice typically has a high GI, which means it can cause a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. It has a high GI, often above 70.
Whole wheat products, such as whole wheat bread and pasta, can be included in a diabetes-friendly diet. Usually it has a moderate GI, typically around 70.
Millet, such as finger millet (ragi) and pearl millet (bajra), is a nutritious, gluten-free grain with a low GI. The GI is 67 for pearl millet (bajra).
Wild rice is a whole grain that is lower in carbohydrates and has a low GI. Wild rice has a moderate GI, approximately 57.
Bulgur is a quick-cooking whole grain with a low GI, making it a good choice for diabetics. Typically has a GI value of around 48-58.
Compared to white rice, brown rice has a lower GI and is a better option for those with diabetes. It has Low GI, usually around 50-55.
Quinoa is a high-protein grain with a low GI. It's rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Quinoa is great for diabetics with GI of 53.
Amaranth is a gluten-free grain that is high in protein and fiber and has a relatively low GI with a value of 50.
Buckwheat is rich in fiber and nutrients and has a lower GI compared to some other grains. Its GI value is typically 49.
Barley is one of the best food grains for Diabetics. Buckwheat is rich in fiber and nutrients and has a very low GI of around 22-28 making it ideal for blood sugar control.